A META-ANALYSIS ON THE EFFECTIVENESS OF MALARIA COMMUNITY-BASED INTERVENTION
Keywords:Community-based, malaria, intervention, Meta-analysis
Introduction: The community-based intervention was proven as one of the best approaches in combatting malaria. It is widely used to reduce malaria cases worldwide. A multisectoral approach must be made to ensure the success of the intervention. Therefore, this study is aimed is to determine the effectiveness of community-based intervention for malaria based on recent findings. Methods: A search strategy using Pub Med and Cochrane database platform investigating the effectiveness of malaria community-based intervention. There are selected terms and words predefined to obtain a comprehensive search strategy that included text fields within records and Medical Subject Headings (MeSH terms). Results: Eight articles were selected for this study. This review identified six communitybased interventions for malaria and four outcome measures. Most of the studies included a low risk of bias in each criterion except for random sequence and allocation of concealment. The meta-analysis found that the overall incidence difference of the included studies was significant (0.05 CI 0.02, 0.08), while the subgroup analysis of Permethrin LLIN the I2 was reduced to 75%. However, the overall usage percentage difference in health education and community mobilization to improve intervention usage was not significant (0.28 CI -0.02, 0.58). Conclusion: The community-based intervention approach is practical to fight malaria thus, to reduced mortality due to malaria. An integrated approach and engagement with multiagency will ensure outstanding achievement in fighting malaria.
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Copyright (c) 2021 Mohd Rohaizat Hassan
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