A META-ANALYSIS ON THE EFFECTIVENESS OF MALARIA COMMUNITY-BASED INTERVENTION

Authors

  • Norain Ahmad Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Nurul Afzan Aminuddin Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Sharifah Fazlinda Syed Nor Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
  • Mohd Nazrin Jamhari Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
  • Ahmad Farid Nazmi Abdul Halim Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti
  • Hasanain Faisal Ghazi College of Nursing, Al-Bayan University, Baghdad, Iraq
  • Mohammed Saffree Jeffree Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences, University Malaysia Sabah.
  • Syed Sharizman Syed Abdul Rahim Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences, University Malaysia Sabah.
  • Norfazilah Ahmad Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
  • Azmawati Mohammed Nawi Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
  • Mohd Rohaizat Hassan Community Health Department, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37557/gjphm.v3i2.98

Keywords:

Community-based, malaria, intervention, Meta-analysis

Abstract

Introduction: The community-based intervention was proven as one of the best approaches in combatting malaria. It is widely used to reduce malaria cases worldwide. A multisectoral approach must be made to ensure the success of the intervention. Therefore, this study is aimed is to determine the effectiveness of community-based intervention for malaria based on recent findings. Methods: A search strategy using Pub Med and Cochrane database platform investigating the effectiveness of malaria community-based intervention. There are selected terms and words predefined to obtain a comprehensive search strategy that included text fields within records and Medical Subject Headings (MeSH terms). Results: Eight articles were selected for this study. This review identified six communitybased interventions for malaria and four outcome measures. Most of the studies included a low risk of bias in each criterion except for random sequence and allocation of concealment. The meta-analysis found that the overall incidence difference of the included studies was significant (0.05 CI 0.02, 0.08), while the subgroup analysis of Permethrin LLIN the I2 was reduced to 75%. However, the overall usage percentage difference in health education and community mobilization to improve intervention usage was not significant (0.28 CI -0.02, 0.58). Conclusion: The community-based intervention approach is practical to fight malaria thus, to reduced mortality due to malaria. An integrated approach and engagement with multiagency will ensure outstanding achievement in fighting malaria.

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Published

2021-09-01

How to Cite

Norain Ahmad, Nurul Afzan Aminuddin, Sharifah Fazlinda Syed Nor, Mohd Nazrin Jamhari, Ahmad Farid Nazmi Abdul Halim, Ghazi, H. F., Mohammed Saffree Jeffree, Syed Sharizman Syed Abdul Rahim, Norfazilah Ahmad, Azmawati Mohammed Nawi, & Hassan, M. R. (2021). A META-ANALYSIS ON THE EFFECTIVENESS OF MALARIA COMMUNITY-BASED INTERVENTION. Global Journal of Public Health Medicine, 3(2), 467–478. https://doi.org/10.37557/gjphm.v3i2.98

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Section

Review Articles

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