SODA TAX IMPACT ON SOFT DRINKS CONSUMPTION: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW

Authors

  • Diana Safraa Selimin Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
  • Hanani Nabilah Mohd Sobri Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
  • Muhammad Alimin Mat Reffien Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
  • Sharifah Ain Shameera Syed Rosli Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
  • Noor Hazmi Noor Hassim Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
  • Hua Yeh Li Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
  • Qistina Mohd Ghazali Faculti of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
  • Assoc. Prof. Dr Nazarudin Safian Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
  • Professor Dr Mohd Rohaizat Hassan Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37557/gjphm.v6i1.239

Keywords:

soft drinks, soda tax, consumption

Abstract

Introduction: Many countries have introduced a tax on sugar-sweetened beverages hoping for

controlling the soft drinks consumption to reduce the adverse health effects such as obesity and

diabetes. This study aimed to review the impact of sugar-sweetened beverages taxation on soft drinks'

consumption through increase in the price of the beverages after taxation. Methodos: A systematic

search related to articles on soda tax impact on soft drink consumption was conducted by using

PubMed, Cochrane, Ovid Medline, and Scopus databases. The Preferred Reporting Items for

Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis flow checklist was used as a guide to search for the eligible

articles. Results: Overall, there were a total of fifteen eligible articles included in this systematic review.

All studies showed that an increase in SSB prices will cause a reduction in its demand, which ranges

from 1.16% to 40.93%. The highest soft drinks consumption reduction occurred among the population

who had a high intake of soft drinks before the introduction of the soda tax implementation. This review

showed that both specific excise taxes and ad valorem taxes implementation showed significant

reduction in soda consumption. Conclusion: Therefore, it can be concluded that fiscal intervention such

as a soda tax could improve population’s behaviour towards unhealthy sugary beverage intake.

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Published

2024-03-01

How to Cite

Selimin, D. S., Mohd Sobri, H. N., Mat Reffien, M. A., Syed Rosli, S. A. S., Noor Hassim, N. H., Yeh Li, H., Mohd Ghazali, Q., Safian, N., & Hassan, M. R. (2024). SODA TAX IMPACT ON SOFT DRINKS CONSUMPTION: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW. Global Journal of Public Health Medicine, 6(1), 932–945. https://doi.org/10.37557/gjphm.v6i1.239

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Section

Review Articles

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