ACUTE DIARRHOEA AMONG UNDER FIVE YEARS OLD CHILDREN OF UNDERPRIVILEGED COMMUNITY IN KOTA KINABALU, SABAH

Authors

  • Mohd Faizal Madrim Universiti Malaysia Sabah
  • Syed Sharizman Syed Abdul Rahim Department of Community and Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia
  • Hasanain Faisal Ghazi College of Nursing, Al- Bayan University, Baghdad, Iraq
  • Than Myint Department of Community and Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sabah
  • Khamisah Awang Lukman Department of Community and Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sabah
  • Kamruddin Ahmed Department of Pathobiology and Medical Diagnostics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia
  • Mohd Rohaizat Hassan Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
  • Alabed Ali A. Alabed Head of Community medicine department, Faculty of medicine, Lincoln University College, 47301, Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Mohammad Saffree Jeffree Department of Community and Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37557/gjphm.v3i2.95

Keywords:

Diarrhoea; risk factors; house-hold cost; children; underprivileged

Abstract

The severity of childhood diarrhoea is linked with poor socioeconomic status, unhygienic living environment, and caregiver’s behaviour. This study is to determine the risk factors and economic burden associated with diarrhoea in children under 5 years of age. A case-control study using convenience sampling method with 105 cases and 105 controls was performed in Menggatal health clinic, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah between March-June 2017. Younger caregivers, without formal education, poor knowledge, practice handwashing with water only and stopped breastfeeding were associated with diarrhoea. Household with poor economic status, a family of five and more, crowded, with a pet, unsafe drinking water, no sanitary toilet, unsanitary garbage disposal and consuming street vendor food also associated with diarrhoea. The mean of total direct costs, total indirect costs and total incurred costs were (Ringgit Malaysia) RM 9.70, RM 59.40, and RM 14.30, respectively. As a conclusion, the risk factors for diarrhoea under 5 years of age still presents in Sabah. Environmental factors and hygienic practice are needed to control under 5 diarrhoea.

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Published

2021-09-01

How to Cite

Madrim, M. F., Syed Abdul Rahim, S. S., Ghazi, H. F., Than Myint, Awang Lukman, K., Ahmed, K., Hassan, M. R. ., A. Alabed, A. A., & Jeffree, M. S. . (2021). ACUTE DIARRHOEA AMONG UNDER FIVE YEARS OLD CHILDREN OF UNDERPRIVILEGED COMMUNITY IN KOTA KINABALU, SABAH. Global Journal of Public Health Medicine, 3(2), 429–437. https://doi.org/10.37557/gjphm.v3i2.95

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Original Articles

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