E-HEALTH OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE LOW AND MIDDLE-INCOME COUNTRIES
Keywords:e-Health, Health workforce, Health data, Telemedicine, Low and middle-income countries
Across the world, there is a critical expansion in digital technology through all fields, including health. Electronic health (e-Health) is the future of healthcare. E-Health could help in building better healthcare systems since it can be adopted to enhance communications, train the health workforce, assist in job-related tasks and supervision. Additionally, precision medicine (PM), which is a modern approach in low and middle-income countries (LMICs), could facilitate addressing chronic diseases. Such techniques could promote innovative public health interventions that will improve population well-being worldwide to satisfy the indicators of sustainable development goal number-3 (SDG-3) that stresses on ensuring healthy lives and promoting welfare for all. However, e-Health data could be both a gain and a challenge for LMICs. A transformational and synergetic strategy is necessary to adopt these techniques as it would sustainably minimize the expanses of healthcare. Yet, national adoption of e- Health is gradually progressing in several LMICs. This review highlights the recent advances and future applications of mobile health and its impact on people's lives in the LMICs. It also displays perceptiveness towards the best practice for scaling electronic health (e-Health) initiatives in the LMICs guided by adapted experience from real case studies and exploring the impact on designing and deploying future health initiatives, especially for improving the health workforce. Finally, It suggests a structure for data governance policy to limit the hazards of breaching or abusing health data in e-Health platforms.
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