HEALTH-RELATED QUALITY OF LIFE (HR-QOL) IN DIABETIC PATIENTS OF TYPE 2 IN GAZA, PALESTINE
Introduction: Diabetes mellitus is a multifactorial disease caused by deficiency in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both. Poor quality of life contributes to decreased personal care, which in turn contributes to worsening glycemia control, enhanced risk of diabetic complications. This study aimed to determine the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) for diabetics as compared to gender-age matched control living in southern Gaza, Palestine. Methods: This study was a case-control. About 100 DM patients and age-sex matched 100 controls were randomly selected from the department of internal medicine at the Nasser Medical Complex in Khanyunis Governorate and the community. The World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire – short version (WHOQOL-BREF) was used to evaluate the quality of life among the study population. Results: Those with diabetics, the HRQOL was significantly lesser than for controls in all domains with the largest differences in the environmental domains (difference of 5 points) and tinier differences in physical health, psychological health & social relationships (2, 3 and 3 points difference) (<0.001 for all). Low ratings in the field of social relations in both groups with tiny differences between them have been registered (3 points). Furthermore, there were no differences in mean of scores for all domains according to gender. Conclusion: The study population's total HRQOL (diabetics and controls) was poor. Health program must be developed to encourage improve dietary habits, healthier lifestyle, promote exercise, discourage smoking, avoid complications of diabetes and appropriately handle chronic diseases.
Copyright (c) 2019 Akram Altaher, Abed ElKader Elottol & Osama Abu Masoud
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