ASSOCIATION BETWEEN SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC, HEALTH CHARACTERISTICS AND TYPE 1, TYPE 2 DIABETIC CASES IN GOVERNORATE OF BABYLON, IRAQ
Keywords:Association, Diabetic patients, Health, Babylon, Socio-demoghrahic
Introduction: Health characteristics and socio-demographic of diabetic patients are important in the determination of livening patterns and factors that contributed in development of diabetes. We aim to identify on socio-demographic and health characteristics of diabetics, and find out association between them and with type of diabetes. Methods: The study of cross-sectional was carried out in Governorate of Babel /Iraq in Endocrinology and Diabetics Centre for period that starting on 3rd November /2018 and to 10th March /2019.Samples of study were collected through systematic random technique using a questionnaire form had been constructed and developed by a researcher after a comprehensive review of available literature and related books about subject. SPSS had used for data statistical analysis in the current study. Results:. (420 diabetics ) of both type 1 and type 2 had been participated in the study with response rate (96. 9%). Their ages ranged from (15-75 ) old years with a mean and standard deviation of (51.8± 13.5) years, (46.7%) were male and 53.4% were female. Most of diabetic patients were married and (63.3%) were livening in urban areas. Low percentage (26.9%) of diabetics were with illiterate level and type 2 diabetes was calculated for (81.2%). Hypertension was accounted for (36.4%) while obesity for (35.7%) of them. The study has been showed significant association between type of diabetes and relating their age (type 2 was more in adult group > 44 years while type 1 more in 15- 44 years old ), gender (type 2 was more in women compared to type 1), family history (diabetics with type 1 were more with history of family), body mass index (obesity was more in type 2 compared to type1), comorbidity diseases (chronic hypertension and kidney diseases were more in type 2). Conclusion: The current study had concluded that prevalence of type 2 diabetes was more compared to type 1 dibetes and with high percentage in women group and more in age group > 44 years. High percentage of diabetics with type 2 were with chronic hypertension and obesity and especially in women compared to type 1 diabetes.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Wael Sulaiman Sabea; Suhair Mohammed Hassoun, Ahmed Ali Hussein
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