FACTORS AFFECTING LIFE EXPECTANCY IN VIETNAM, LAOS, CAMBODIA
Keywords:longevity, demograpic aging, socioeconomic factors, community health care
Introduction: According to the General Statistics Office and World Bank, the average life expectancy of Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia is increasing gradually. The aim of the research is to determine the relationship between three factors affecting life expectancy (demographics, socioeconomics and health care determinants) among many other factors Methods: Data were taken from the General Statistics Office and the World Bank. The data are taken continuously from 1985 to 2019. This is an appropriate timeline because it is the period after the independence of Laos, Vietnam, and Cambodia and before the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic. Thus, this study has excluded the factor of death due to war and the COVID-19. A multiple regression analysis was conducted with STATA to research factors. Results: Three factors chosen were as follows: demographics, socioeconomics, and health care resources determinants. Average life expectancy increased about 1.6 times. The above data also showed that population age 65 and older increased about 59 times, GDP growth changed from negative growth to positive growth and Industry increased approximately 1000 times. Conclusion: The result shows that life expectancy has a positive relationship with demographics, and health care resources. It also shows that socioeconomics affects life expectancy so weakly.
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