KNOWLEDGE, PERCEPTIONS, AND PREVENTIVE PRACTICES TOWARDS COVID-19 DURING THE EARLY STAGES OF THE OUTBREAK AMONG SAUDI PEOPLE: A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY

Authors

  • Mohammad A. Albanghali Assistant Professor, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Albaha University, Albaha, Saudi Arabia.
  • Abdulmajeed A.A. Sindi Department of Basic Medical Science, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Albaha University, Albaha, Saudi Arabia.
  • Yasser M. Kofiah Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Albaha University, Albaha, Saudi Arabia.
  • Mohammad S. Iqbal Department of Laboratory Medicine, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Umm Al Qura University, Al Abdeyah, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
  • Aisha Tabassum Department of Laboratory Medicine, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Umm Al Qura University, Al Abdeyah, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
  • Hussain A. Almasmoum Department of Laboratory Medicine, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Umm Al Qura University, Al Abdeyah, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
  • Raed A. Alharbi Department of Laboratory Medicine, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Albaha University, Albaha, Saudi Arabia.
  • Doaa A. Koufeya Department of E-learning, Deanship of E-learning and Information Technology, Albaha University, Albaha, Saudi Arabia.
  • Mohammad A. Shanwaz Assistant Professor, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Albaha University, Albaha, Saudi Arabia.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37557/gjphm.v4i1.129

Keywords:

COVID-19, knowledge, preventive practices, SARS-COV2

Abstract

Introduction: Knowledge of and adherence to preventive measures concerning the transmission of coronavirus disease (2019) (COVID-19) remain the frontline strategies to control its spread. This cross-sectional study aims to determine the knowledge, perceptions, and preventive practices towards COVID-19 among the general Saudi population. Methods: A 40-item self-administered online questionnaire concerning knowledge and preventive practices towards COVID-19 was developed and validated. The questionnaire was highly reliable (standardized Cronbach’s alpha = 0.89). Results: A total of 2024 participants were included (60% men; age range: 18 to 73 years). Estimated median knowledge and preventive practices score were 63 (IQR = 59–67) and 63 (IQR = 54–68) respectively. The results reflected high levels of knowledge and preventive practices among the participants. The knowledge score and preventive practices score were significantly differed by educational level, work status, region, and purpose of leaving one’s house. Correlation analyses demonstrated a significant weak correlation between knowledge and preventive practices (r=0.056, p=0.012). Conclusion: This study indicates that majority of Saudi people having above average level of knowledge and preventive practices towards the COVID-19. Health education programs must be designed to target less educated residents and expatriates. The findings provide a baseline for the knowledge, perceptions, and preventive practices towards the COVID-19 pandemic among Saudi Arabian residents at the early stages of the outbreak.

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Published

2022-03-01

How to Cite

Albanghali, M., Sindi, A. ., Kofiah, Y. ., Iqbal, M., Tabassum, A., Almasmoum, H., Alharbi, R. ., Koufeya, D. ., & Shanwaz, M. . (2022). KNOWLEDGE, PERCEPTIONS, AND PREVENTIVE PRACTICES TOWARDS COVID-19 DURING THE EARLY STAGES OF THE OUTBREAK AMONG SAUDI PEOPLE: A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY. Global Journal of Public Health Medicine, 4(1), 523–536. https://doi.org/10.37557/gjphm.v4i1.129

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Section

Original Articles